Stone Family Association

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Coat Of Arms Research

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Coat of Arms Research

Stone Coat of ArmsUpdate Coat-of-Arms Monday, Nov. 10, 1997Some time after R. C. Stone's book was published in 1866, he prepared an Addendum. A copy of this work was located by James Stone of Vestal, NY, in the New York State Archives.

This Addendum included the following changes to the Introduction on page VII of the original book.

His description of the Stone Coat of Arms is a follows:

CREST - Eagle Rousant

ESCUTCHEON - per Quartre

DEXTER CHIEF- Lone Star in Argent rising in Azure, below three cinque foils in sable standing in Argent

SINISTER CHIEF -Fleur de lis in Or Standing in Argent

DEXTER BASE - plain Argent

SINISTER BASE- Lion rampant, in sable standing in Argent

MOTTO - "Nothing of Humanity is foreign to me."

Stone of Much Bromley. Essex."The author has recently had access to the English Encyclopedia of Heraldry, with a large collection of works and drawings on Chivairic Emblems, Escutcheons and Devices pertaining to the marks of honor and badges of the English Nobility and Gentry, as the classes are and have been distinguished, and finds that the Name has had thirty patents of Coats of Arms, or Armorial Devices granted, some to the name, some to particular individuals and branches."

The historical story of the use of variations of this Coat of Arms in Stone families is as follows:

In reprinting (1908) the above Coat-of Arms, as being an item of general interest to the Stone family, especially to the descendants of Simon and Gregory Stone, and as being the most probable Coat-of Arms which has been claimed for that branch of the family of Stone, the Stone Family Association does not vouch for these arms certainly having belonged to the Much Bromley family, deeming that evidence which is positive as to certain Stones of Essex County is - so far - only probable as applied to our Much Bromley family of Essex County. There seems to be - at present - no direct evidence to connect these or any "Arms" with any proven ancestor or near relative of the Simon and Gregory line, and the circumstantial evidence which most nearly reaches the Much Bromley family is of a date nearly contemporaneous with the emigration to New England; nevertheless, as it is scarcely more than ten years since we knew of Much Bromley as the ancestral home, - and thereby settled the parentage of Simon and Gregory, - it is reasonable to hope that future investigation into the various ramification of the Stone family in England may settle more certainly things which now have to be inferred as best we may - the pros and cons weighing differently with different minds. Following are some of the data with regard to the cinquefoil arms:


  • First: AS TO THE FORM HERE PICTURED, Mr. Joseph Stone, in sending the device to Mr. William E. Stone, writes (quoting the English genealogist Matthews as authority): "This appears to be the paternal arms for the Essex Stones, and the same furnished to Capt. John Stone, to whom you refer." Capt. John Stone of London, who had a similar coat-of-arms either granted or confirmed to him in the seventeenth century, is supposed to belong to the Great Bromley group of "Stone" families.
     
  • Second: The Arms: THREE CINQUEFOILS SABLE ON A FIELD ARGENT: HAVE LONG BEEN BORNE BY FAMILIES OF STONE IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF ENGLAND . These arms were granted to William Stone of London in 1583. With variations as to "chief" and "crest," they are, besides in Essex and London, to be found either on mural monuments or described in the pedigrees taken by the heraldic Visitations, in Worcestershire (were borne by a Simon Stone of Beudley); in Lincolnshire (from this family there is also a Simon Stone - of St. Andrews, Holborn, London, 1605); in Norfolk (at Holm); in Sussex (at Framfield, granted 1628; here the arms are: a chevron between three cinquefoils); in Bedfordshire; in Hertfordshire, and elsewhere. In 1614 these arms were confirmed to Sir Richard Stone, Knight, Sheriff of Huntingdon Co. (time of Charles I.), when they are said to have been granted to "Stone of London, 1515." In this case, as with Simon of Beudley, the crest is "a griffin's head erminee between a pair of wings," or, in place of the griffin "gules bezantee," as in the Essex description. Later we find our cinquefoils in Ireland, belonging to George Stone, D.D., Archbishop of Armagh (1747 - 1764), and - this time changes in color - in 1713, when Richard Stone of Dublin, Master of Chancery, has: Argent, three cinquefoils azure, a chief or - out of a ducal coronet, or, a griffin's head between two wings, erminee.
     
  • Third: IN AMERICA, the cinquefoil arms make their appearance in the history of the Connecticut family of "Stone," being marshaled with the lion rampant, which perhaps was the heraldic device of some allied family. This coat-armor appears as an ancient signet ring still owned by a descendant of one of the early Stones of Guilford, Connecticut.

    Again, in the history of the Rhode Island family of Stone, there is mention of a traditional heraldic device, there described as "four stars, a spread eagle," etc. This description very possibly refers to the Essex version of the cinquefoil arms, the four stars being the three cinquefoils and the sun, and the spread eagle the griffin's head with wings expanded. It should be said, however, that "an eagle displayed" does figure among "Stone" arms as a separate device.
     
  • Fourth: OTHER DEVICES. Besides variations of the cinquefoil arms, perhaps a dozen or more different armorial devices - and more crest - are connected with the Stone name in English heraldry. If we consider the Rhode Island device as cinquefoils, only two of the others have been much mentioned - so far as we know - in connection with American families. These two are both lions; chiefly, the lion rampant which in the form; Party per pale Or and Sable, a lion rampant counter changed; was assigned to Thomas Stone of London, whom the Maryland and Virginia families of Stone are descended; and secondly; a lion passant (or passant-guardant) which, sable on an argent field, was borne (in the passant-guardant form) by William de Stone in Henry III's reign, and is found (in both forms) on slabs in the church at Wymondham, Norfolk Co., for several "Stones" who died in the 18th century. One tradition assigns this "lion passant" to the New England Simon Stone of 1635, on the strength of a coat-of-arms inherited for a number of generations in the family of Rev. Nathaniel Stone, but whose exact date and origin are uncertain.

The Foregoing brief and imperfect resume of a very perplexing subject is given without expert knowledge, but with the feeling that others, like ourselves, would like to get a general view of the field, as far as it is known, with its questions and alternatives, in order the better to appreciate what special research has done, and what it yet needs to do. Boston, October, 1908.

I have done considerable research on the ancient, vast and complicated subject of HERALDRY. While I certainly do not consider myself an authority on this subject, I do think I can confidently summarize the situation as it relates to the Stone Coat of Arms, presented to us by Richard C. Stone nearly 150 years ago.

  • Even though BURKE'S GENERAL ARMORY, the recognized authoritative publication in this field, list more than 30 STONES, who's Coat of Arms were recognized by the Heralds of England, none of the descendants of Hugh Stone is entitled to claim the use of any of these COATS OF ARMS. The reason is simply that one must prove a direct linage to the original holder of the patent and that is presently impossible because we have no proof of the English origin of Hugh Stone.
     
  • Many Americans are fascinated by Coats of Arms but seldom understand that a coat of arms is usually granted, certified, registered or otherwise recognized as belonging to one individual alone, and that only his direct descendants with proven lineage can be recognized as eligible to inherit the arms.
     
  • Americans can purchase a Coat of Arms by mail order or in the local shopping mall. To use these commercially produced arms is to claim for oneself a direct kinship which has only the most remote possibility of validity, and is thereby to deny one's own legitimate and rightful line of descent.
     
  • Neither the federal nor the state governments regulate armorial bearings within their jurisdiction. Therefore, one can assume their own Coat of Arms as long as they do not violate another person' copyrighted design.
     
  • The AMERICAN COLLEGE OF HERALDRY, is an unofficial body that registers arms for Americans. The College registers and publishes arms of persons who have borne unregistered or unregulated arms in their family for some extended period.

    The College further registers and publishes the arms of those who have personally assumed arms of recent origin and now desire to have them duly registered and recognized the heraldic community. The College also registers New Arms. Only 2 Stone's are listed [page 820] in the recent HEREDITARY REGISTER OF THE U.S.
     
  • One's arms descend to all of one's children, male and female equally. They may descent through the male lines to their children as well, generation and generation. However, females do not transmit their arms to their children since their paternal line and {almost always} surname changes. A situation in which persons with many different surnames bore identical arms would quickly lead to massive confusion, thus frustrating the original purpose of arms as a means of identification.
     
  • In addition, such a practice would conflict with nearly a thousand years of heraldic practice and tradition. Arms Registered initially to a female may descend to her children according to the aforementioned mode.
     
  • Further research needs to be done before a Stone Coat of Arms can be submitted to the AMERICAN COLLEGE OF HERALDRY. I would like to hear from members of the Family Association who may have information or opinions of this subject.

©2005 Friday, July 25, 2014